March 26, 2003.)
Strategies for Instructors:
- Glatt Plagiarism Services
Provides three different software services to both detect and deter plagiarism. For a fee, users can download and use a detector program that eliminates every fifth word in a student’s paper, replacing the word with a blank. Students are then required to supply the missing word. The software analyzes results and assigns a probability score that indicates potential plagiarism (http://www.plagiarism.com/).
- The Instructors Guide to Internet Plagiarism
A resource for instructors offering advice on how to recognize and how to discourage plagiarism (http://www.plagiarized.com/index.shtml).
- Cheating 101: Paper Mills and You
Originally presented by Margaret Fain and Peggy Bates (Kimbel Library) as part of the "Teaching Effectiveness Seminar" at Coastal Carolina University. Site includes suggestions on how to detect and how to combat against plagiarism, and an extensive list of Internet Paper Mill sites (over 250 general sites; more by specific subjects) (http://www.coastal.edu/library/papermil.htm).
- Plagiarism Theme Page
Links to numerous plagiarism resources including a site on how to teach students about plagiarism (http://www.cln.org/themes/plagiarism.html).
- Safety 'Net@2Learn.ca: On Plagiarism
Includes both a definition and the significance of plagiarism. Check out the handouts, "What is Plagiarism?" "Other People's Ideas," and the Awareness Level Plagiarism Activity (http://www.2learn.ca/mapset/SafetyNet/plagiarism/).
A document source analysis tool to create digital fingerprints of text documents. Through their Turnitin.com portal, papers can be submitted to a service that checks it against their database of hundreds of thousands of papers. Costs range from $100 per instructor to more expensive options (http://www.plagiarism.org/).
Uses advanced search features to compare documents against multiple web sites. At the conclusion of the search, it provides a report that includes an evaluation of each page in the paper, what percentage of the page contains plagiarized material, and the URL where the original source document can be located (http://www.canexus.com/eve/).
Internet Paper Mills:
Offers free, downloadable papers and reports to students. Started in 1996, this site contains more than 5,000 pieces of homework, operates under the slogan “Download Your Workload” and boasts approximately 10,000 daily visits by students (http://www.schoolsucks.com/).
- Other People's Papers
Founded in 1997 and features a database of over 10,000 free papers available for students to download. Students have a choice of searching for papers on specific subjects or simply clicking on a link to access some of the most popular papers. Other links take students to recently donated papers or a place where they can upload their own papers for sharing. This and other sites also offer to produce custom papers at costs that range from $8.95 to $38.00 a page, depending on the needed turn-around time (http://www.oppapers.com/).
Here are just a few more of the Internet Paper Mill sites available:
- A+ College Essays, Research Papers, and Term Papers (http://www.a-plus-essays.com/).
- CollegeTermPapers.com (http://www.collegetermpapers.com/).
- Collegiate Care (http://www.papers-online.com/).
- Cyber Essays (http://www.cyberessays.com/).
- Paper Store (http://www.paperstore.net/).
- PinkMonkey.com (http://pinkmonkey.com/).
- Realpapers.com (http://www.realpapers.com/).
- Swap Termpapers (http://www.swaptermpapers.com/).
Annotated Bibliography of Online Resources - CyberCheating PowerPoint PresentationAcademic Integrity at Princeton. (n.d.). Retrieved March 20, 2003 from the World Wide Web: http://www.princeton.edu/pr/pub/integrity/pages/plagiarism.html.
Online student guide that provides an unequivocal definition of plagiarism, examples of unacceptable as well as comparable appropriate uses of information derived from other sources.Argetsinger, A. (2001). Technology exposes cheating at U-Va. The Washington Post Online. Retrieved March 20, 2003 from the World Wide Web: http://www.washingtonpost.com/.
Using a program designed to compare current Physics assignment papers against a database of 1,850 papers collected from students during the previous three semesters, a professor at the University of Virginia uncovered over 100 questionable papers. As a result, 122 students underwent investigation and faced possible expulsion.Flynn, L.J. (2001). The wonder years: Homework is free online. The New York Times. September 10, 2001. Retrieved March 20, 2003 from the World Wide Web: http://www.nytimes.com.
Describes the inception and activities of SchoolSucks.com, a Web site that offers free, downloadable papers and reports to students.Harris, R. (2002). Anti-plagiarism strategies for research papers. VirtualSalt. Retrieved March 20, 2003 from the World Wide Web: http://www.virtualsalt.com/antiplag.htm.
Discussion and practical demonstration with students on the difference between plagiarizing and the correct use of quotations or cited paraphrasing not only educates the uninformed but sends the message that student work is being monitored.Hinchliffe, L. (1998). Cut-and-Paste Plagiarism: Preventing, Detecting and Tracking Online Plagiarism. Retrieved March 20, 2003 from the World Wide Web: http://alexia.lis.uiuc.edu/~janicke/plagiary.htm.
Offers a variety of strategies to prevent plagiarism, including requiring a reflection paper as a supplement to the assignment.McKenzie, J. (1998). The new plagiarism: Seven antidotes to prevent highway robbery in an electronic age. From Now On: The Educational Technology Journal, 7(8). Retrieved March 20, 2003 from the World Wide Web: http://www.fno.org/may98/cov98may.html.
The author stresses directing students to perform third level research that draws upon higher thinking skills and requires the ability to synthesize prior research and then generate new ideas. Instructors are directed to design assignments that require detailed explanations, problem-solving, and decision-making, rather than trivial pursuit scavenger hunts wherein the student tracks down and poaches another's discoveries.Plagiarism: What it is and How to Recognize and Avoid it. (n.d.) Retrieved March 20, 2003 from the World Wide Web: http://www.indiana.edu/~wts/wts/plagiarism.html.
Another excellent student guide defining plagiarism and why it is important for students to avoid it.Ryan, J.J.C.H. (n.d.). Student plagiarism in an online world. PRISM Online. Retrieved March 20, 2003 from the World Wide Web: http://www.asee.org/prism/december/html/student_plagiarism_in_an_onlin.htm.
As a professor at George Washington University, the author discovered multiple cases of plagiarism in an introductory information security concepts course simply by using an internet search engine to look for specific phrases. The article includes many examples of how to spot a plagiarist.Standler, R. B. (2000). Plagiarism in Colleges in U.S.A. Retrieved March 20, 2003 from the World Wide Web: http://www.rbs2.com/plag.htm.
Discusses plagiarism from a legal perspective, which the author believes is rarely addressed in legal journals and law textbooks.